Travellers visiting Lisbon and keen to experience Portuguese culture often head out at night for a Fado show after pounding the city’s cobbled pavements during a packed day of sightseeing. Pausing for a coffee, though, can be just as effective a way of finding a window to view the nation’s soul.
“It’s a cultural thing, drinking coffee. The Portuguese really enjoy drinking coffee. It’s like having a moment for yourself, when you just stop what you are doing and have a cup of coffee,” comments Rui, a man who works in downtown Lisbon.
Fado or a coffee?
In November 2011 Fado, the soulful form of guitar-accompanied song in which stories of love and fate are often told, was inscribed by UNESCO as an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. The first mentions of Fado being performed in Lisbon date to the early nineteenth century. Coffee, though, has been appreciated in the Portuguese capital for even longer.
Cafes are scattered through all of Lisbon’s neighbourhoods. The clatter of ceramic saucers being placed on marble counter tops, the triple tap of used coffee grinds being banged into bins and the hiss and splutter of espresso machines are background noises to daily life.
Technically speaking, Portugal is an Atlantic land but its climate and character are essentially Mediterranean; Romantics might even regard those everyday cafe sounds as the percussion and accompaniment to the real life melody of chattering conversations.
The Cafe A Brasileira
For newcomers to the city there’s nothing quite like heading to the Cafe A Brasileira in the centrally situated Chiado district. A Brasileira was opened in 1905 to sell coffee imported from Brazil. It’s said that this was the first place to serve the bica, the rich-tasting, roundly roasted and strong espresso-like coffee that is today regarded as a typical Portuguese cup of coffee.
The facade of the cafe is a popular place to pause and take photos, thanks to the eye-catching Art Nouveau curves and smiling bow-tie wearing character above the door. That figure is closely associated with the A Brasieira brand.
The interior is an atmospheric example of Art Deco, designed by José Pacheco in 1922. The mirrored walls, dark oak panelling and brass fittings provide have provided the setting for countless coffee-accompanied conversations over the past nine decades.
Tourists tend to sit outside, on the terrace, under the orange umbrellas that more often than not provide shade from the sun rather than shelter from rain. Locals, on the other hand, try to take a table within the cafe’s darkened interior or, if alone, stand by the counter that runs the whole length of the mirrored bar.
From a seat on A Brasileira’s terrace it’s possible to look at two of Lisbon’s best-known statues.
Statues of Ribeiro and Pessoa
One depicts Antonio Ribeiro, a poet who lived from 1520 to 1591, whose nickname Chiado (meaning ‘the squeaker’) was eventually adopted for this part of town.
The other figure, that Fernando Pessoa, the highly regarded poet and literary critic who lived from 1888 to 1935, actually sits among the patrons on the terrace. Anyone looking forward to a quiet coffee on a summer’s day should be warned that that is unlikely if they choose to sit at table adjacent to Pessoa’s statue; this is one of the most photographed locations in all of Portugal.
For many years Fernando Pessoa was a regular visitor to the Cafe A Brasileira. It was here that he met writers, artists and other intellectuals. In the years that followed the revolution of 1910, when Portugal became a republic, Pessoa and his friends believed that Portugal needed to look forward and change.
Modernism and Fernando Pessoa
They were Modernists and collectively they became known as the Group of Orpheu, founding a short-lived magazine, Orpheu. In time Pessoa, often writing in character under other names, became one of Portugal’s most respected literary figures and a keen observer of Lisbon life.
Even after he passed away the cafe continued to be frequented by intellectuals and artists, an association that continues.
Pausing to appreciate the atmosphere of Cafe A Brasileira – watching people chatting at the bar, observing Lisboetas (as locals call themselves collectively) bustling in and out, sharing a joke with friends or quietly reading a newspaper– is an opportunity to see Lisbon as Pessao might have done.
Coffee and Portuguese life
It’s also provides a chance to experience the significance that meeting for a coffee plays in the everyday life of Portugal.
“Drinking coffee in a cafe is all about meeting friends. It’s a social encounter. The flavour is different also but it’s about getting together with people…coffee is a great reason to be with the people you really like,” says Rui before heading back to work.
The Cafe A Brasileira is at Rua Garrett 120 in Lisbon.
If you enjoyed this post why not sign up for the free Go Eat Do newsletter? It’s a hassle-free way of getting links to posts on a monthly basis.
‘Like’ the Go Eat Do Facebook page to see more photos and content.